This article gives you the step by step procedure to factory reset Macbook pro. It is a must to wipe your Mac data before selling.
Table of Contents
Why does a factory reset Macbook pro?
Suppose if you are ready to sell or give away your existing Mac notebook or MacBook pro or trade it on, then you want to wipe your personal data from the device for another reason.
Then there are a few things you will want to do in addition to erasing the hard drive.
You could be looking to free up some precious iCloud space. Or maybe your AirPods or Apple Watch just aren’t working properly and you’re thinking a starting on a fresh slate could be the solution.
And you should factory reset any Apple product before you sell it or trade it in — especially if it’s an old iPhone, iPad, or Macbook. Here’s what you need to know. The easiest way to do that is a factory reset.
Mac computers are generally very very reliable. But as with any computer, sometimes things may go wrong. Before you spend a lot on a new Mac, though, try a factory reset, which wipes your computer old data and reinstalls a clean version of macOS.
A factory reset is also the best way to prepare your old computer for a new owner to make sure no leftover data falls into the wrong hands. Whatever the reason, here is how to wipe everything and start from scratch with a factory reset.
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How to factory reset Macbook pro
The quick and easy guide to factory resetting your Apple devices: MacBook, and MacBook pro.
Below are the steps that you want to know and read along for how to factory reset your MacBook Pro and reinstall a fresh copy of macOS.
- Make sure to have a current backup of your Macbook pro.
- Make sure to Sign out of iTunes in macOS Mojave and earlier. (Account → Authorizations → Deauthorize This Computer)
- For this, you can navigate in the top menu bar to the Account tab
- Click on the Authorizations and select the “Deauthorize This Computer” option to deauthorize.
- Make sure to Sign out of iCloud (System Preferences > Apple ID > Overview > Sign Out)
- Choose System Preferences from the Apple icon on the top main menu. Click on the Apple ID.
- Click on the Overview and sign out from there.
- Make sure to Sign out of iMessage and FaceTime (in Preferences for each specific app)
Apple products team make a note for you in a support document that resetting the NVRAM is important to do as it wipes out user settings and restores security defaults.
Here’s the detailed steps how to do it:
- Shut down your Macbook pro machine, then turn it on and immediately press and hold these four keys together:
- Press the keys combination of “Option + Command + P + R.
- Release the keys after about 20 seconds.
2.Boot into mac OS Recovery:
- macOS Recovery will install a different version of macOS depending on the key combination you use when starting up your Mac
- For this purpose, no installation discs or macOS loaded onto an external drive is needed at all.
- Press and hold down one of the following key combinations right after powering on your Mac, and let go when you see the globe or Apple logo on the screen.
- Command + R = Reinstall the latest macOS that was installed on your Mac machine before, without upgrading to a later version.
- Option + Command + R = Upgrade to the latest macOS that is compatible with your Mac machine.
- As Apple notes on its support page, “suppose if you are selling or giving away a Mac that is using OS X El Capitan or earlier, use Option-Command-R to make sure that the installation isn’t associated with your Apple ID.” This also installs the latest available software.
- For this walkthrough section, it was used Option + Command + R, which will use macOS Recovery over the internet and reinstall the latest macOS version (this option definitely requires a Wi-Fi connection).
- The loading time for macOS Recovery will vary for sure depending on your internet connection and its speed.
- When the process is complete, you will see the macOS Utilities window as shown.
3.Erase your startup disk:
Erase your startup disk (hard drive/solid state drive).
- Click on the “Disk Utility” option from the list in the utilities window, then click on the Continue button.
- Select your startup disk in the sidebar of Disk Utility (click the top item like Apple SSD, as in the image shown below, not the volume name, Macintosh HD)
- Click on the “Erase” tab in the top area main menu of the utility window (if you don’t see or can’t select erase, click the volume name beneath the disk name (Macintosh HD), then try again)
- Enter a name for the disk (Macintosh HD is the default on a new Mac).
- Select the option “Mac OS Extended (Journaled)” from the dropdown menu for formatting besides the ‘Format:’ label.
- Select the option “GUID Partition Map” from the dropdown menu for scheme beside the ‘Scheme:’ label.
- Click on the “Erase” button.
- Once the process is complete, in the menu bar click on the Disk Utility and select Quit Disk Utility to return to the macOS Utilities window.
4.Reinstall a fresh copy of macOS:
Finish factory reset of Macbook Pro by reinstalling macOS.
- Back onto the main macOS Utilities window, then click on the “Reinstall macOS”.
- Follow the prompts that will appear and select which disk you would like to install macOS (if you have multiple drives).
- Plugin your power cable if you are using a Mac notebook.
- Click on the Install button.
- If you have an SSD you may notice 10-20 minutes of installation estimation time, and suppose if you have an HDD it may take likely longer time.
- When the installation process is complete you will see the welcome screen with the region selector.
- Suppose if are going to keep your Macbook with you, then continue on with the setup process.
- Otherwise, if you have an idea of selling or giving your Macbook pro to someone else, then use the keyboard shortcut Command + Q to quit the setup assistant and power your Mac down.
5.Restore From Backup
If you opted to save your files through a Time Machine backup, you can now restore those files through the macOS Utilities screen. Click Restore From Time Machine Backup, then select the appropriate backup from the list to reinstall your saved files.
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